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Monitoring and reducing chromium contamination

Like most metals and chemicals, large amounts of chromium in the body can be hazardous to a person’s health , so it is recommended that chromium contamination levels in the environment are monitored closely. This is important in industrial areas, so that necessary measures are taken to reduce the chromium levels to conform to the regulatory guidelines. Normally Chromium is found in the soil and plants, and is essential for the normal functioning of the human body in small quantities. However when the human body is exposed to large quantities of chromium above the recommended levels it can adversely affect the kidneys, liver, respiratory and nervous system so companies which pollute the environment with chromium are expected to take necessary steps to minimize the damage caused.

Most people get the chromium they require for the normal functioning of their body from the food they eat, like coffee, tea, potatos, yeast, peas. Due to industrialization, some individuals are exposed to extremely high levels of chromium, especially if they are working in the chemical manufacturing sector or exposed to combustion of gas,oil and coal. Realizing the health hazards posed by these industries and combustion activity, the regulatory bodies like EPA have specified the safe chromium levels in an area. Industries who do not conform to these pollution control norms could face legal and other action, and their manufacturing license could be revoked in some cases.

Hence many of the firms involved in activities which increase the chromium levels in the environment, are consulting firms which specialize in environmental forensics, accurately measuring the chromium contamination levels in a particular area with the latest equipment and technology available, and then recommending suitable changes to conform with the pollution control norms . The pollution control firm may recommend some changes in the manufacturing process so that less pollutants are released to the environment or that the chromium will be treated so that it is not released to the environment. In some case the chromium may be collected and sold to companies in the steel, paint, paper,cement sector, who require chromium as a raw material for their manufacturing process. Insurance policies may be used to reduce the financial burden to the firm implementing chromium pollution control norms.

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